The Use of Koha, Library Open Source Software to Enhance Effectiveness of Academic Library Activities in Pakistan

The Use of Koha, Library Open Source Software to Enhance Effectiveness of Academic Library Activities in Pakistan.


Librarian, Secretary Library Committee
Focal Person HEC Digital Library
Manager Automation / Digitization 
Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering & Information Technology, RYK.

Open Source Software Vs Commercial Software: A comparative Analysis of EndNote X8 and Mendeley Citation Managers


Open Source Software Vs Commercial Software:  A comparative Analysis of EndNote X8 and Mendeley Citation Managers By Zeeshan Ullah


Citation management software play vital role in the management of research activities especially in report writing and storage of bibliographic data. The purpose of this study was to determine the key features of both EndNote X8 and Mendeley Desktop reference managers. Both software were downloaded, installed and analyzed thoroughly to dig out the strength and weaknesses of both the tools. The key factors of the analysis procedure were; its availability online, access, search facility, citation styles, synchronization, support, updating, availability of mobile apps, integration with Microsoft word, detection of duplicate citations, Import and Export facility, cost, Sharing, research discovery tools, and social networking tool. It was found that as far as references search and management of references is concerned Mendeley is considered the best software. It can also be used as a tool to find research papers, which may be hard to find on Google. Mendeley has a very smart files renaming feature. On the other hand, when we talk about inserting the citations in word, unlimited cloud storage for research data EndNote is still leading in the market.

Keywords: EndNote X8, Mendeley Desktop, Citation Managers, Citation Management Tools, Reference Managers, Comparison of the EndNote and Mendeley, Open Source Software, Commercial Software

Usability of Library Management System (LMS): A Case Study of Government College University Libraries Lahore, Pakistan


Usability of Library Management System (LMS): A Case Study of Government College University Libraries Lahore, Pakistan

 Sadaf Rafiq

Department of Libraries, Government College University Lahore, Pakistan

Dr. Shakeel Ahmad Khan

Department of Library and Information Science, University of Sargodha, Pakistan

Introduction/Background of the Study

 In Pakistan libraries are using variety of software and most of them are in-house developed but they are developed without any coordination and standard.  The use of library automation software is still in process. The reasons behind this slow process are lack of standard software, multilingual collection, insufficient budget, software piracy, computer literacy and lack of support from vendors. Librarians in Pakistan are interested in open source software and they want its low-cost training and support. They demand to formulate consortium under the umbrella of the Government of Pakistan to provide standard software, its technical support and up-gradation to meet the needs of Pakistani libraries (Siddique and Mahmood, 2014).  Public and private sector libraries are putting their effort to automate their libraries equally within the last decade. LIMS (Library and information management software) is the most preferred and used software while the other popular software is WINISIS, InMagic, KOHA and Virtua. Majority libraries did not provide all modules of software. They provide only cataloguing modules and perform other library activities manually. But unfortunately, Pakistani libraries have no choice expect to compromise on open source software (Siddique and Mahmood, 2015).  Currently most of the Pakistani university libraries are using integrated library software which are in-house developed and customized on different databases system but they are non-standard software. Even in the University of the Punjab libraries used non-standard software MLIMS which is also in-house developed. Only few libraries are used open source software KOHA in their libraries successfully. They further reported that library school are not providing training to use open source software to their students and when their students worked in libraries, they faced problems (Siddique and Mehmood, 2016).

Government College University Library is one of the oldest library which is offering variety of online information resources for its users.  To automate the library services, Library Management System was purchased in 2002.  It is fully implemented in the library to offer automated services to the library users.  The current study is aimed at investigating the usability of LIMS and gratification of library professionals at GCU, Lahore.

Chief Gust

It’s an honor for us to announce that  H.E. Dr. Joao Sabido Costa, Ambassador of Portugal 🇵🇹 in Islamic Republic of Pakistan

H.E. Admiral Muhammad Asif Sandila Ni (M) Former Chief of Naval Staff  will join us as Chief Guest of Opening and Closing Ceremony of Pakistan Open Source Summit.


Link Your Metadata: Integrating Library Collection through Open Refine by Mss Saima Hanif & Nosheen Fatima Warraich, PhD

Link Your Metadata: Integrating Library Collection through Open Refine

Mss Saima Hanif

Nosheen Fatima Warraich, PhD




In the age of big data and cloud computing, library and information science community get enticed to unlock their rich treasure of knowledge on the web. They are ambitious to link and publish their metadata into Linked Data (LD) cloud despite the lack of technology and the tools to experiment with LD. This paper explains the practical steps, how to be connected with any available structured metadata or any other available metadata with the help of freely available software Open Refine. Open Refine is instrumental to connect locally developed vocabularies with Library of Congress Subject Heading (LCSH).Open Refine and Linked Data applications play significant role to make data structure for metadata practitioners.

Introduction of the Authors

Saima Hanif
Regional Coordinator Libraries
The City School Network North, Islamabad
PhD Candidate, Department of Information Management
University of the Punjab

Nosheen Fatima Warraich, PhD

Associate Professor, Department of Information Management
University of the Punjab
ASIS&T New Leader Award 2017-18
Fulbright Post Doc. Fellow, Sate University of New York (SUNY) at Albany, NY-USA (2015-16)
Editor, Pakistan Journal of information Management & Libraries, PJIL&L (2013-2015)

Evolution of FOSS in Libraries of Pakistan by Muhammad Shafiq Rana & Prof. Dr. Rubina Bhatti,

Topic of Research Paper: Evolution of FOSS in Libraries of Pakistan

  1. Muhammad Shafiq Rana PhD Scholar,
    Library & Information Science, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur
  2. Prof. Dr. Rubina Bhatti, Chairperson,
    Department of Library & Information Science, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur

The history of free and open source software (FOSS) traced back in 1990 with the introduction of Library Automation Management Program (LAMP). Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) development has brought an evolution in the field of Library & Information Science (LIS) in Pakistan. This presentation expresses a historical development, self-customization and adopting of library automation and information communication technology for the library services. Free and open source software movement determined a hallmark for the library outreach services as well. Free and open source software make possible the venues of new learnings about Library Automation, Operating Systems, Database Systems, Web Servers, Programming Languages, Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), Graphics, Games, Networking, and System Administration. Free and open source software movement is exceptionally prevalent in libraries around the globe. Libraries have been privileged with Free and Open Source Software including Integrated Library Software, Digital Library Management, Content Management, Inter-Library Loan Management, Document Delivery Services, and other electronic administrations around the globe.
This presentation provides a glances about the history about Micro CDS/ISIS Developed in 1980, software used in Pakistani Libraries in 1990 and Library Automation Management Programme (LAMP) from 1991-96 as a First commercial library software in Pakistan, which motivated LIS professionals to initiate the FOSS movement in library science in Pakistan – 2005/06.
FOSS learning and its implementation also promoted the LIS professional around the country as well as abroad. It is also become the source of research production in the various fields of LIS. This presentation is also a saga of the FOSS contributors, Entrepreneurs/sole bakers and a glance on the usages of LAMP, WINISIS/CDS/ISIS, GSDL, Koha, and DSpace in the libraries. FOSS advancement in the libraries also
Key Words: FOSS, ILS Software, Open Source Movement, LAMP, WINISIS/CDS/ISIS, GSDL, Koha, DSpace, Libraries, Pakistan.
Type: Presentation

Sher Afzal Khan ” Experience shearing of, Innovations, Successful Projects, development and contributions in adoptions of Open Source Software in Pakistan”

Mr Sher Afzal Khan

Mr Sher Afzal Khan has 13 years of experience in managing IT resources in Libraries. Presently, Mr. Sher Afzal Khan is working at Air University as Chief Librarian. He has received the Fellowship Mortenson Center for International Library Programs USA 2014. He also got fellowship  One Week Professional Visit to German Libraries sponsored by BIBLIOTHEK & INFORMATION INTERNATIONAL GERMANY from January 28th to February 03 2018.

He has implemented Open Source Software in more than 45  prestigious organizations in Pakistan and abroad. He has conducted 200 training and workshop for the Information and IT professionals. He is a passionate leader and passionate leader Besides maintaining library and its services for the academic community, he has also expertise in Web Server, Linux OS, Open Source Software for libraries such as Koha, DSpace, Joomla, WordPress. He has expertise in providing training on Open Source Solutions for libraries and have been giving training through out country and abroad as well. He is maintaining his own platform in the form of website  and Facebook pages for sharing the information and knowledge with library professionals.


Dr. Muhammad Ramzan

Dr. Muhammad Ramzan, Library Consultant Director Quality Enhancement Cell, Director Library & Knowledge Center at Information Technology University

Dr Muhammad Ramzan is a  passionate leader and manager who contribute for the organizations development through innovations and sustained efforts. Always having a vision, Establishing modern libraries, teaching, training,mentoring in HR, OB, Research Methods, Information Literacy and Fast Reading are his strengths. He have in-depth experience of infrastructure development, establishing and running of modern academic and public libraries, learning commons, quality assurance departments and information centers




HEC emphasized on quality of education and want to develop higher education infrastructure in the country. This paper provides an analysis of UET Taxila library journey which developed over a period of last 18 years. It defines best practice as a presentation of route to produce more outcomes which means mode of doing things in specific organization as reference for good practices to others. Explains features which should have been encompass in the set meant for improving the services of the libraries.

The paper opted review of the current practice being applied in UET Taxila. For in-depth understanding and some historical facts, interviews were conducted of the past Chief Librarians which explains the journey through LAMP to KOHA.

Bashir Ahmed Senior Librarian University of Engineering & Technology, Taxila




Prof. Dr. Rubina Bhatti Chairperson, Department of Library & Information Science The Islamia University of Bahawalpur




Dr. Shakeel Ahmed Khan Assistant Professor, Department of Library & Information Science University of Sargodha